It is very important to know that What Is Hajj And Why Is It Important. It is the most important 5th pillar of Islam. The word Hajj is taken from the Arabic language and it is written as حَجّ. In the English language, it is known as “pilgrimage”. It is the most important part of Islamic pillars and is performed annually. It is an obligatory duty for all adult Muslims who can afford financially and physically fit for the Hajj journey. The world’s biggest annual religious gathering of Muslims can be seen on the occasion of Hajj. The basic meaning of Hajj is “to intend a journey”. The solidarity of the Muslims and their submission to God can be seen on the occasion of Hajj.
The pilgrimage is performed in the last Islamic calendar month of Dhu al-Hijjah. The Hajj is performed during the 8th to 12th or 13th(In some cases) of this lunar month. The Hajj or pilgrimage cannot be performed without wearing Ihram (Two unstitched white sheets of cloth). It is mandatory for the pilgrims to wear Ihram and avoid certain actions.
Importance of Hajj:
Quranic verses about Hajj:
وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًاوَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِين َ
And Pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, (upon) every one who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds. (Aal-e-Imran, Chapter #3, Verse # 97)
وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ
And complete the Hajj or Umrah in the service of Allah
(Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse # 196)
Pilgrimage to the house is a duty towards God upon humankind, for those who can find a way there. (Quran)
Sayings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) About Hajj:
“Hajj offered with all its requirements is reward with paradise.”
Once became obligatory, whoever dies without having performed Hajj dies a Jew or a Christian.
The mother of the faithful believers, I requested the Prophet (Peace be upon him) permit me to participate in Jihad, but he said, “your jihad is the performance of hajj. ”
If Hajj becomes obligatory on a person and it is not performed, then he/she will be raised as a Christian or Jew on the Day of Judgment.
Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) Said: Whoever performs Hajj with any obscenity Shall return (from Hajj) like a new born baby. – Al Bukhari.
The Hajj has very old history and is associated with the prophet Ibrahim who built the holy Kaba and performed the ritual of pilgrimage. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) performed his hajj after the 10 years of migration from Mecca to Madina and told everything about the Hajj to his followers. On the occasion of Hajj Muslims from different countries of the world gather in Mecca and perform rituals of Hajj according to the teaching of holy prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
What Is Hajj And 7 Steps of Hajj:
Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to Makkah with the special intentions. There are 7 compulsory steps to perform Hajj and without these steps, hajj cannot be performed. The hajj days are from 8th to 12th Dhu’l-Hijjah.
- Intention to perform Hajj (Niyyah: O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj. Please make it easy for me and accept it from me)
- Wear Ihram
- Tawaf al Qudum
- Go to Mina
- Head to Arafat and perform Waquf
- Pray in Muzdalifah
- Perform Ramy in Mina
- Offer a sacrifice
- Get your hair cut or shaved
- Perform the Tawaf and Sa’ey
- Repeat Ramy after sundown on the fourth and fifth days
- Perform the Farewell Tawaf
Each person has to perform all these steps to perform Hajj and after completing all these steps pilgrims celebrate the festival of Eid al-Adha.